to our "Children's Health Section"
This Section is brought to you with our compliments because we care
about Children and because we feel any knowledge we can impart to Parents
about Children and their Health must be a plus!
Often Parents are looking for articles about Children so therefore
we are delighted to provide this area with regular updates especially
for those Parents and also for our wonderful Health Professionals. If
you are a Parent we invite you to visit these pages often because we
will be regularly posting articles here to assist you and your children!
To all those wonderful Health Professionals who are subscribers to Doctors-4U
- you are invited to have posted here, FREE of charge, any articles
you feel may be of assistance to Parents and their Children.
to Children's articles will appear here at the top together with a short
description. This will ensure you will be able to find the articles
that appeal to you most in the shortest possible time.
the growth and development of children in those early years, from
birth to aged 3!
busy parents wonder if they are giving their child enough attention.
Don't be too hard on yourself. Even the youngest child needs to
spend time alone
If you ensure your baby has interesting items in its sleeping area
this will keep them amused. A sturdy mobile safe crib will encourage
kicking and reaching. Stuffed toys and hardy books give little hands
and eyes an opportunity for quite play.
Consider a play environment with one or two objects to attract baby's
attention. As soon as baby becomes involved, move away quietly.
Remember to give the crawling child new challenges. Sometimes even
a kitchen chair placed upside down can become something new to explore.
Even some cushions placed on the floor can make a challenging obstacle
sometimes it is ok to supervise your child's play from a distance
however, remember to frequently check and speak or praise your child.
Your child will be much happier and
healthier if you:
Look for and encourage signs of readiness to learn new skills. Before
a child can drink from a cup without spilling it, he/she must be
able to pick it up and let go of it.
child must be able to recognize body signals before giving diapers
prepared for setbacks. Often if children are sleepy, tired, cranky,
or ill they will return to old habits. Often their life changes,
such as another baby, maybe even a change in baby sitters. Changes
such as these can require time for adjustment.
to make yourself aware of the various ages in which you can expect
your child to achieve certain achievements such as sleeping through
the night, eating solid food, walking, talking, and becoming toilet
Remember to reward positive behaviors!
need help in learning the self-control their minds and bodies are
not yet capable of exercising.
that crying, and clinging are often things children do to get our
attention. Even though such behavior have produced anger or punishment
from the parents. It is always better to praise or reward
your child for good behavior.
Where possible break the pattern of bad behavior as early as possible.
See if you can move their attention to a toy or even new game or
activity. You may even consider moving baby to another room or putting
some music on.
When you correct a behavior please, never say, "You are bad."
"You are stupid-dumb or the like"
look for a reason for bad behavior. Maybe they are hungry, their
nappy is dirty or they are just bored! If they are crying at 4 p.m.
they may be trying to tell you they are hungry or then again it
may be one who just wants your attention.
Help your child to explore
the environment and learn how the body works.
conscious of the time baby spends in an infant seat, swing, playpen,
or walker. You may consider the following instead:
During the first 6 months, put baby on a blanket on her/his tummy
with some colourful toys that will encourage them to reach, stretch,
and look around.
When baby is crawling, provide areas to explore that are free of
Keep cupboards locked that have cleaning agents etc and keep baby
away from hanging electrical cords. You can never be too careful
As baby starts to walk, ensure they
have a safe area where they can pull themselves up to their feet.
Watch out for overhanging saucepans and always be aware of the unexpected.
baby gains skill, help them to explore the senses of touch and balance
by walking barefoot on some surfaces, such as grass and carpet,
and up and down inclines.
Remember to provide toys that can help your child to improve
his or her skills
When crawling, infants often like to discover hidden objects and
toys that fit together.
Toddlers like to explore the relationships of space, motion, size,
and balance with stacking toys, building blocks, toys on wheels,
and nesting cups and pots.
Two-year-olds enjoy imitating family activities, such as using child-size
versions of telephone, pots and pans, carpenter's tools, and the
Setting aside special play areas for your child!
aside special play areas in different parts of your house where
baby can play while other family members do their things is excellent.
Even the kitchen pots and safe plastic items can be interesting
for the child.
you thought of putting some toys in your bedroom to amuse baby while
you change clothes etc?
A toy area in the family room.
is best to restrict the number of items or toys in each area. You
can then introduce new toys and remove old ones from time to time.
Remember to encourage your child to
Help him or her to practice using a fork or spoon, brushing their
teeth dressing and undressing, combing their hair.
It also helps to encourage your child to share in the household
Let them practice setting the table, sweeping and dusting, putting
away groceries, using the vacuum and even raking the lawn.
You to can learn from family, friends and professionals. We never
stop learning so please remember those people who maybe able to
impart some of their knowledge to you.
You to can learn from your parents.
with baby's paediatrician can help.
parenting classes will assist.
Remember, the public library often has books and magazines and videos
on child development and parenting.
Chat with your friends and family about child raising. Often their
past experiences and knowledge and can help you as a parent.
Good luck! Remember our Children are very special! They grow up
so quickly and whatever time you can spend with your child is
Please remember these suggestions
are placed here as a guide only. If you require more information
or you wish to clarify anything we have suggested we suggest you
chat with your Doctor or other Health Professional.
Back to top
computing for todays Children!
In this this day and age of
computers and with different aged children using the same computer
we feel some of the following matters are often overlooked.
being so, we have placed these suggestions here as a guide for you
and your children! Please remember however these are a guide only
and if you require more information or you wish to clarify anything
we have suggested we suggest you chat with your Doctor or other Health
children and teens of today are spending more and more time sitting
at a computer to do homework, surf the Internet, and play video games.
How they position themselves in a chair, and how they use the computer
equipment can affect not only their comfort, but also their health.
person who does not sit correctly in a chair or strains to use a computer
could suffer back and neck pain, and eyestrain. Most computer equipment
and workstations are built to fit adults, but a few adjustments can
be made to a child's work area to promote a healthy lifestyle free
So what can parents and families do?
out you child's workstation
to encourage proper posture of the head, forearms, back, and feet:
The head should be level with the monitor and the top of the screen
at eye level. The forearms should be parallel to the keyboard and
held only slightly above it.
lower back should be supported while sitting in front of the computer.
Place a small pillow or rolled up towel between the back of the
chair and the child's lower back to provide back support.
should rest flat on the floor or on a footstep. If a child cannot
reach a footstep, stack boxes under it to raise it until the child
can rest his or her feet comfortably.
computer desk and equipment so as to avoid glare from sunlight.
Sit the monitor 18 to 30 inches away from the child
Adjust the chair to an appropriate height for the child. Have the
child sit on a pillow or book if the chair is not adjustable
Please check back soon for some more
interesting articles as this area is updated regularly!
your Children using the Internet safely?
Australian Broadcasting Authority has a web site to help families
and children use the Internet safely and we congratulate them. It
is called Cybersmart Kids Online. You will find advice and tips
for parents and children, as well as resources and lesson ideas
for teachers aimed at helping children to be aware, have fun and
be safe on line.
To have a look at the site please click here www.cybersmartkids.com.au
marijuana: weighing up the risks
Reporter: Ben Fordham
love marijuana - it's thought to be one of the most lucrative
crops on earth and has enjoyed a reputation as a comparatively
safe drug for decades. As ACA reports, these days the majority
of marijuana sold in Australia is not natural and new research
indicates its impact is frightening. But some still champion
its therapeutic qualities.
considered a "soft" drug, marijuana is now being blamed
for everything from depression to schizophrenia. The reason
is most of it is grown hydroponically and is super-charged with
chemicals, making it more and more dangerous. According to youth
counsellor Jill Pearman, who has 23 years experience, what she's
witnessed over the past 24 months has her increasingly concerned.
say there's no problem with cannabis, I say, 'Give it up for
a week and see how you feel', and you can bet your bottom dollar
they're climbing the walls and it's a common experience among
all people who come in - anxiety, depression and stress,"
says the number of people presenting to mental hospitals in
New South Wales for cannabis-induced psychosis has gone from
15 to 26 percent over a two-year period and experts now estimate
the figure is closer to 40 or 50 percent.
weight to the trend is new research, which paints a startling
picture of the impact of modern marijuana our country. For seven
years, 2000 Australian teenagers were tracked. By their 21st
birthdays, one in 25 women met the criteria for being cannabis
dependent. Among men, the rate was much higher with one in 10
found to be dependent.
George Patton, who conducted the groundbreaking study, found
that regular alcohol drinkers are less likely to develop cannabis
dependence while cigarette smokers are more likely. He also
found that the younger you experiment, the greater the chance
you'll have a problem later on.
percent of teenagers who reported weekly use sometime between
the age of 14 and 17 were dependent at the age of 20 to 21,"
Chris Reilly has helped tens of thousands of troubled teenagers
try and overcome their addiction. He says one of the problems
is many people are unaware of how significantly the drug has
who are advocating it from the '60s haven't factored in to it
that this [cannabis] is now 70 to 90 percent stronger than what
they were using back in the old days," he says.
Chris, who was once addicted to marijuana, the experience was
think it's harmless, they don't take it as a harmful drug -
that's probably why," he says. "People don't know
much about it. I had drug-induced psychosis and went to jail
for a night."
Rupert also suffered terribly while addicted to cannabis.
couldn't sleep when I was smoking and got headaches," he
says. "I got really angry with everyone - really angry
with friends and parents. You don't realise 'til problems come
on, no friends, social life goes down the drain and it's too
late, by then, it's really hard to quit," he says.
the debate with a very different view is Dr Andrew Katalaris,
who has been studying the medical powers of marijuana for 15
years. He says that while cigarettes and alcohol can cause permanent
damage, the effects of cannabis are reversible in a matter of
talk about attention deficit, short-term memory deficit, all
these things do occur. But they are the result of overdose,
both on the day and the chronic daily use without any times
of washout to let the brain recover," he says.
tiny town of Nimbin in northern New South Wales is considered
to be the cannabis capital of Australia. According to Nimbin's
unofficial mayor, Michael Balderstone, the fact most dope smokers
in Australia only have access to hydroponic marijuana, which
is usually mixed with tobacco, is part of the problem.
reckon, across Australia every morning, tens of thousands of
young kids wake up and one of their first thoughts is a craving
for a bong - it's the nicotine craving," he says. "So,
you've got tobacco cravings all the time, making people smoke
a lot more, making them wake up the next morning thinking, 'I
want a bong', they don't realise it's a nicotine craving -it's
a huge thing I think."
may be an illegal drug but sometimes you wouldn't know it. In
Nimbin, naturally-grown cannabis is for sale in cafés
and every bag comes with health warning. The café experiment
has resulted in a dramatic fall in street dealing and a steady
flow of quality-controlled, chemical-free marijuana.
in most other parts of the country, millions of Australians
have no idea what they're inhaling. But while stopping young
people from smoking may be impossible, here's the warning -
the younger you start, the greater damage it can do.
know because I've been there, done that, and know what it's
done to me," says former addict Chris. "Get out of
that area where the drugs are around you. You got to survive
This article is supplied with the compliments
of ACA & Channel 9
YOUR TEENS USING DRUGS?
following is article is from an American leaflet titled
Teen Drug Use 34 Warning Signs.
Their Web site is at www.difficultteens.com
The leaflet was compiled by concerned Americans and we feel much of
its contents may help some of our fellow Australian Parents to understand
more about drugs and the problems facing our children of today. We
hope this information may help parents as to what they should be on
the look out for and at the same time to have a closer understanding
of drug problems in our society.
Teen Drug Use 34 Warning Signs.
is more destructive to a teen and/or their family than the use of
drugs. Consequently, the earlier the intervention the better. The
problem is that in most cases teens are using drugs for several
months, or even years, before parents become aware of it. Even when
parents do become aware of drug use, they often underestimate the
extent of their child's involvement.
SIGNS OF DRUG USE
If you are suspicious your child may be using drugs, don't Ignore
the warning signs. Children seldom grasp the concept of addiction.
Most view themselves as impervious to peril. For some teens, the
stress of adolescence and pressure from their peers is overwhelming,
and drugs become an enticing escape from their real world.
Please be on the lookout for:
1. Neglected appearance/hygiene
2. Poor self image
3. Grades dropping
4. Violent outbursts at home
5. Frequent use of eye wash
6. Unexplained weight drop
7. Drug paraphernalia
8. Slurred speech
9. Curfew violations
10. Running away
11. Skin abrasions
12. Chemical breath
13. Glassy eyes
14. Valuables missing
15. Hostility towards family members
16. Red eyes
17. Stealing/borrowing money
18. Valuables suddenly appear in child's possession
19. Change in friends
23. Reckless Behavior
24. No concern about future
25. Defies Family Values
26. Disrespectful to parents
28. Sneaky behavior
29. Disregards consequences
30. Loss of interest in healthy activities
31. Verbally abusive
33. Lack of motivation
If any of these signs seem applicable to your child, and
their behavior, there may be a destructive pattern developing that
may require intervention. If several of these signs apply, intervention
is probably necessary now. A response of denial or shame to drug
abuse will only serve as additional obstacles to overcome. If intervention
is indicated, there is effective help available.
Parents often say they want to know everything that is going on
in their children's lives. But is that really true? Parents need
to know that drug use generally begins months, or even years, before
parents actually do become aware of their teen's drug use. Certain
topics, such as children's sexual behavior, underage drinking, and
gang violence are subjects so uncomfortable parents often choose
to ignore them, or perhaps only lightly approach them, often cloaked
in denial, hoping these issues will not affect their family.
Parents recognize that the consequences of these issues can be frightening,
even deadly. However, silently clinging to the denial and hope that
these issues will not be part of their children's lives can create
an equally devastating consequence. And no topic is any more frightening
to a parent than teen substance abuse.
Parenting presents continuing challenges. Putting on blinders will
never create resolutions. The subject of teenage drug abuse is very
wide and multifaceted, involving many drugs and their variations.
It will not be possible to cover all information regarding teenage
drug abuse here, but rather it is our desire to broaden your information
so that you may feel more confident about parenting decisions surrounding
teenage drug use as it pertains to your children.
WHY DO CHILDREN USE DRUGS?
As we search for solutions that would protect our children from
the perils of substance abuse, the question arises as to why they
would ever want to use them at all.
From an adult perspective the repeated question is, "Who's
to blame?" Often looking to transfer responsibility, the adult
population frequently points the finger of blame outward. Depending
on who you ask you may hear a range of criticism that includes the
media, peer influence, lack of supervision from school officials,
drug pushers, law enforcement's lack of authority, law enforcement's
overreaction, kid's role models, parental indulgence, to lack of
There is no denying that these can be contributing factors, as outside
influences can be very powerful. But to ascribe blame solely on
outside influences would be not only an exaggeration, but would
be saying our kids are nothing more than victims of circumstance
and thus would remove them from the accountability of their own
choices. Where adults tend to look outward for `the answers', the
kid's explanations tend to point more towards themselves. They tend
to explain it from a more personal choice, something inside them
urging them on; wanting to fit in, a curiosity, or need for excitement.
the teen's perspective
holds important keys. When asked why, their reasons include those
similar to the following responses:
want to fit in, to feel part of the group
To rebel against adult authority
escape their problems
hide their feelings of inadequacy and low self esteem
thrill and excitement of taking a risk o Wanting to feel grown up
THE `GATEWAY' DRUGS
Most adolescents do not begin with the so-called hard drugs such as
cocaine, crystal meth or heroin. Usage generally begins with drugs
that are much more easily accessible and, in the adult population,
are legal; nicotine and alcohol. Usage frequently begins with easy
access to these in the home, be it the home of their family, friend
or relative. Tobacco and alcohol are believed, by many experts, to
be the `gateway' or entrance to a path towards drug abuse.
Generally, even teens recognize the serious health risks associated
with smoking. Yet, if they are willing to smoke, it's an easy link
to drinking alcohol. By this time, they have demonstrated they are
risk-takers so the obvious next level is to marijuana. From there
it can be a dangerous, even deadly spiral towards other drugs, and
the destructive behaviors that go along with them.
UNDERSTANDING ADDICTIVE BEHAVIOR
No matter what drug is involved, the disease of addiction appears
to follow a predictable course. Typically, the user begins out of
some level of curiosity. If the initial experience produces pleasurable
results, the individual will more than likely move on to recreational
use, such as with friends, at parties or on the weekends. As they
come to enjoy the drug more and more, it is inevitable that the usage
will increase, such as using during the week on a regular basis.
Soon, their lives become more and more centered around getting the
drug and finding opportunities to use it. It begins to interfere with
relationships, school, work, and other formerly productive areas of
interest in their lives.
By now the drug dependency, the addiction, have taken control, and
the individual is unable to function without the drug. [f there is
not a physical addiction, there is most certainly a psychological
dependency upon their drug of choice. And if their drug of choice
is not easily accessible, they will resort to whatever it takes to
obtain that drug.
MARIJUANA - WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that marijuana the illegal
drug most often used in America. Studies show nearly 50% of teenagers
try marijuana before they graduate high school. Many parents of teens
experimented with marijuana in their college days, and now find it
difficult to talk to their kids about the use of marijuana. But today,
marijuana use begins at a much younger age and there is a much more
potent form of marijuana available to the kids today.
Kids site their use of marijuana as a way for them to cope with life's
problems, to deal with anxiety, anger or depression, a way to escape,
something to do so as to ease boredom. Long-term studies of high school
students appear to demonstrate a pattern that few young people use
other drugs without first having tried marijuana. Of itself then,
marijuana is a gateway drug.
THE SILENT EPIDEMIC - HUFFING
There are over 1,000 common household and classroom products that
can be used as inhalants, according to the National Institute of Drug
Abuse. `Huffing' is a form of drag abuse that is on the rise with
our young people at an alarming rate. These products are so common,
you most likely would not be alarmed if you saw a teen buying them.
After all, would you stop to realize that something as seemingly harmless
as hair spray, whipped cream or air freshener could be used as harmful
drugs? These products typically contain gases such as butane or toluene,
which can harm the liver, kidneys and bone marrow, and also cause
Most huffers begin very young. According to a study by The
Cape Cod Islands Partnership to Reduce Substance Abuse it was found
that 1 out of 5 students had tried `huffing' by 7th grade. And inhalants
were found to be the 3rd most abused substance, behind tobacco and
alcohol, in the 12-14 year old age group, per the National Institute
on Drug Abuse. A California physician, who lost his 13 year old son
to huffing spray-can propellants said he knew more about inhalants
than most parents, yet there were important things he didn't know.
"I didn't know about Sudden Sniffing Death. I didn't know
about the brain damage." He also said he didn't know it was habituating,
and that it wouldn't be easy for his son to stop. Kids can die from
abusing inhalants repeatedly, or even just once.
a Juvenile Court Judge, " ... I see a lot of kids coming
into court in all kinds of trouble and all kinds of problems. The
one group of kids that scares me the most are kids using inhalants,
or huffing as they call it." Would you recognize the warning
signs of huffing?
Watch out for or be aware of:
smell on child or child's clothing
fluid on nose, fingers, or clothing
eyes, nonsensical talk, irritability
'Drunk' appearance, slurred speech
grades, school absences
METH - THE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY DESTROYER
Crystal meth, crank, speed, glass, ice ... methamphetamine drugs
go by many names and have rnany forms. Typically, it is found in
powder or crystallized forms and can be smoked, inhaled, eaten or
Users are referred to as `tweakers'. It's very available and cheap
to buy, and produces an extended `high' making it extremely tempting
to the young and foolish.
Meth speeds up the central nervous system causing physical and psychological
effects that, at first, seem pleasurable: increased alertness and
energy, decreased need for Sleep, euphoria and increased sexuality.
Meth is highly addictive, but once meth entraps the user it wreaks
havoc with everything from weight loss to welts on the skin, shortness
of breath, hypo activity, severe depression, paranoid delusions
and suicidal tendencies.
The goal of this booklet has been to provide an overview of teen
drug abuse and to make you keenly aware of the warning signs. Again,
if the warning signs
indicate that intervention is necessary Teen Help can direct you
to a number of effective resources available.
We found the above informative and helpful so hence the reason for
placing a copy here. If any parents have concerns about their children
after reading the above please, we urge you, seek the assistance
from any of the Australian help organisations.
IS A LETTER FROM A TEENAGE ADDICT
I'm a fifteen year old alcoholic/ addict,
though I've been clean and sober for even months now. Right now I want
to persuade you not to use drugs. Drugs force us to cross the invisible
line between fact and reality.
Sometimes so often that you forget where that was, and will have trouble
finding where that line used to be. When you first shoot up, you will
most likely puke and feel repelled, but soon you'll try it again. It
Will cling to you like an obsessed lover. The rush of the hit and the
way you'll want more, as if you were being deprived of air. That's how
it will trap you.
Soon your money will run short and your `suppliers' will start asking
`favors', instead of giving you the occasional freebie, all because
they know they've got you hooked and they can see the way your body
aches for it. All this is part of crossing the line. Finally, when you
have humiliated yourself in every way YOU could possibly think of, the
darker side hits; ongoing despair and deep depression.
me, it was the thrill and the rush that made the need tolerable. I felt
like there was nothing without it and freedom within it. I still struggle
with thoughts of `were the hard times really that bad or were they part
of what made them so good`?' Then I realize that I was just pretending
that I enjoyed the mania so that it would not hurt so bad.
Someone once described withdrawals as tiny, evil animals; chewing their
way out of your skin, and as if all your pores were opening like a dehydrated
plant for just one more drink of toxic water.
I paid dearly for an expensive assassin to still my life, mind and body.
I am now glad it did not succeed. So please, for the love of all that
is dear to you, just think before you welcome a killer into your body.
Doctors4U® wishes to extend their appreciation to
Teen Help America for the above and also the 15 year old for taking
the time to write his letter in the hope that it will help others.
the Australian site - Drug Arm
(Drug Awareness, Rehabilitation and Management) is a non-government,
non-profit organisation committed to the promotion of a healthy lifestyle
without the use of unnecessary drugs.
A good site about dedicated people and the services they provide.
Reflux Infants Support Association (RISA)
is not an article as such, however this Association could be of
great assistance to the parents of any child suffering with gastro-oesophageal
Infant's Support Association (RISA) Inc.
Are a non-profit community support group who provide information
and emotional support to families with children who suffer from
07 3229 1090
Fortitude Valley Brisbane 4006
and their Backpacks!
The back pack has overtime become the new school bag for children to
carry all, however it can present certain dangers for spinal health
if not worn correctly!
A correct back pack should have wide padded shoulder straps as well
as a padded back. This will prevent injury from any sharp objects in
the back pack.
A back pack should always not be over packed. Keep it as light as possible
and it should never ever weigh more than 10-20% of body weight.
Both shoulder straps should always be used. Carrying a back pack over
one shoulder can strain the neck, shoulder as well as the back and back
Remember use all of the sections of the back pack and pack the heaviest
items as close as possible to the centre of the back.
Remember, these articles a placed here as a guide
only. Doctors4U accepts no responsibility for the accuracy
of any such articles. Always seek professional advice on any matters
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